The ABC’s of Great Shooting!
(Article #3 in a Series for BasketballsBest:
“The Trouble with
by Tom Nordland, Shooting Coach)
One of the biggest problems with shooting in this country
players’ shots approach the basket with a trajectory that is too
flat.They come in at angles just 20-30° above horizontal and rarely
get more than 2-3’ above the rim. A high percentage may only get
1-2 feet above the iron. Though greater arch is often stressed
by coaches, players seem not to know how, or possibly they just
can’t shoot higher with the way they’re shooting.
Many players today shoot with what I would call a throwing
or slinging motion with the arm and hand, and others use a wrist
snap or finger drive to shoot with. Note in which direction
the ball travels if you shoot with any of those actions.
Is it up, down or horizontal? I think you’ll
find it’s the latter ? horizontal. Shooting this way doesn’t
give the ball much of a chance to get up in the air.
Better shooters employ their legs and entire bodies
to shoot with.
They don’t just jump to get elevated or to initiate the shot.
shooting FROM this energy. This gives them more arch automatically!
I call this upward force of legs and body the UpForce™ (U/F)
to give it a name. (You could call it leg lift, leg power,
body/leg power ... whatever you want.) The more you shoot
from this power the higher, quicker and more stabilized the shot!
Also, note that the more your shot comes from the lower body,
the more the upper body can relax, quiet down and
become constant and predictable. Shooting starts to become
The A-B-C’s of Shooting
In observing myself and others shoot, I realized you can identify
much U/F is “IN” a shot by giving it a Percentage figure. If
very early in the jumping motion (or in the upward action for a free
throw or set shot), then you approach 100% of U/F. If you wait
before you shoot, the percentage drops accordingly. In
watching my own shooting, I saw that I use 90-100% U/F for almost
all outside shots. If I’m in very close and jumping
hard and quick, then I might wait a bit (call it “hangtime”)
before releasing the ball, but with most shots I’m shooting as
early as I can.
Once I distinguished this “percentage” thing, I started
to notice that
shots coming from a high percentage of U/F tend to go in more often
than those with lower percentages. I saw I could group
them this way:
Percentage of UpForce™ Class of Shot
A’s go in more than B’s, B’s more than C’s
From my observation, “A” shots tend to go in more than “B” shots,
“B” shots go in more often than “C” shots, “C’s” go in more than
“D’s”, etc. There’s a direct correlation. But don’t
just believe or
disbelieve me. Check it out for yourselves.
There is a reason for this phenomenon
The reason this is true is that the more UpForce™ you use, the more
STABLE the shot is. Using more leg and lower body power gives
the shot the stability like that of a rocket taking off.
In the beginning there is tremendous force and surrounding energy.
With time this force diminishes. Earlier shooting gives
you a higher percentage, and with a higher percentage you become
more accurate because you’re less likely to push
or pull the shot off line with upper body muscles (arm, wrist or
Again, test this theory out and see if it’s true.
Watch good shooters
and you’ll probably see a high percentage of U/F with most of them.
Watch the poorer shooters and you’ll probably see a low percentage.
And with each shooter, as she or he uses different percentages,
note the ball flight and the ensuing result.
Most great shooters shoot this way
Watch the better shooters on any team and you’ll find
most of them
shoot early in the jump. Some examples from the NBA
are Steve Kerr, Jeff Hornacek (‘98 NBA 3-pt Champion), Mark Price,
Detlef Schrempf and even Rick Smits, the best outside shooting
big man. If you think this “shooting early” thing applies
only to the shorter people, watch Rick. He’s 7’ 4” and he shoots
a high percentage of 15-20 foot shots. His jump shots are
“A” shots. He’s releasing the ball very quickly on the way
up and that’s why he’s so consistent. Detlef has been a great
shooter all his career, and he’s 6’10”. I believe I even saw
him shooting earlier and higher than ever this last season.
The better shooters in the ABL and WNBA shoot this
way, too. Watch Jennifer Azzi of the San Jose Lasers and
Cynthia Cooper and Sheryl Swoopes from the Houston Comets, for
example. Any woman who shoots consistently well has learned
to shoot quicker and higher. From what I see, the major
difference between many of the great shooters and the lesser
shooters is that the better shooters shoot earlier. That action
gives them more power, range, height and stability ... with less
effort. And that makes all the difference!
It used to be taught to release the ball at the “top
of the jump.” A
book I read by Bob Cousy printed in 1966 said very distinctly NOT
use any body/leg power in the jump shot. I think we’ve
come “full circle” on this and now realize that body/leg energy
stabilizes the shot rather than interferes with it. A parallel
evolution can be seen in golf
putting. Many years ago the better putters were wrist putters.
great player Bobby Locke comes to mind. But today, the best
putt with NO wrist action ? the force comes entirely from the arms
and body. Ben Crenshaw and Loren Roberts are examples of
this kind of putter. Try both methods and see what gives
you more consistency and stability.
UP the Percentage for greater success