Offensive Strategy for the 3-Point Shot
At the outset a coach must determine how much
emphasis he will place on the 3-point shot. There are many extremes
used in college basketball and a coach must consider his
Some interesting statistics regarding the 3-point shot:
As a coach analyzes how much he will shoot
the 3-point shot, he should keep the following statistic in mind: 33% SHOOTING FROM 3-POINT RANGE
IS THE SAME AS 50%
Another statistic that is important involves offensive rebounding. The 3-point shot increases a team’s opportunities for the offensive rebound simply because the 3-point shot attempt tends to rebound longer than 2-point attempts. This can result in deceiving statistics as far as shooting percentage is concerned.
When will the 3-point shot be taken?
Will the shot be taken on the fast-break? Will
the shot be taken early in the set offense, or will it be taken after working
the ball in an effort to get it inside? Will special plays be run to get
the 3-point shot or will the shot be taken only from a team’s normal set
Who will take the shot?
It is extremely important to determine early
in the practice season just who will be allowed to take the 3-point shot.
During the first week or so of practice it is a good idea to let most of
your players shoot the shot in practice drills so that you can chart results
and use accurate statistics in deciding just who will be allowed to take
the 3-point shot.
Will you encourage post players to pass the ball back out?
Despite the use of the 3-point shot, most coaches will still emphasize getting the ball inside to good scoring post players. Once the ball gets inside, will you encourage the post player to pass it back outside to a 3-point shooter? As a general rule, if the post player is not double-teamed, he should go ahead and shoot the inside shot. Actually, a post player who can selectively pass the ball back outside to the right teammate will find that he will be double-teamed less often and that he will score easier when he gets the ball inside.
Players must know where the 3-point line is.
An important fundamental of offensive 3-point
strategy is for players to “know where the 3-point line is”, for it is
actually a mistake for a player to shoot with a foot on the 3-point line.
The extra inch or so closer to the basket a shooter is with his foot on
the line is not worth losing the 3-point opportunity. In fact, it is questionable
whether or not a player should shoot a shot within a foot inside of the
3-point line. The area from 18’9” to 19’9” in college basketball should
become sort of a “no man’s land” for a shooter.
Use a 3-point shooter as a decoy.
Coaches hate to give up the 3-point shot. Because of this they tend to constantly stress to their players to defensively attempt to stop the 3-point shooter. Therefore, the use of a good 3-point shooter as a decoy can achieve strategic offensive results. In both man and zone offensive patterns, encourage the good 3-point shooter to remain outside the 3-point line even though he may have little, if any, intention of shooting the ball. The defense will tend to stay out toward him and free up the middle for inside play. This decoy ploy has the effect of “stretching out the defense.”
Penetration is effective weapon for a 3-point shooter.
A good offensive weapon that the 3-point shooter
can use is to stay outside the 3-point line and, when he receives a pass,
fake a shot to draw the defense, and then drive for the basket. This penetration
can result in (a) the 3-point shooter passing off to inside players for
easy baskets, or (b) passing back outside to another 3-point shooter for
an easy attempt.
Techniques for getting the 3-point shot.
There are a number of offensive techniques that a coach can include in his offensive play patterns to obtain a good 3-point shot:
1. Create Triangles